+ ing


The things you love doing!!

Spare time is for many of us the opportunity to do the things we love. It is worth to use the time that is free from duties and responsibilities in the activities you really enjoy doing. Talking about the things you like doing is one of the most common way of getting people to know you, so it is really important for you to be able to use the appropriate vocabulary and structure to communicate with others.

With this topic you are going to practice the verbs that are followed by a gerund to talk about the things you like doing.

At the end of this topic you will

  • Be able to express your preferences or dislikes using like, love, hate, enjoy, find, dislike proceeding from the ending –ing.  In this way you will become familiar with preferences and hobbies of people who live in English-speaking countries in comparison from those of your own.

As we mentioned before, expressing likes and dislikes requires certain construction. You can use either doing (gerund) or to do (infinitive) after the verbs: like, hate, prefer or dislike, there is a small difference.

We use the gerund if you refer to an experience which is part of your life already. On the other hand, you decide for an infinitive if it is an experience you would rather have if you had the option.

Therefore, in this lesson, to achieve the topic first you will learn some vocabulary used to talk about things you prefer or not like doing in your free time.

Now, you will see in the following video how the lady uses both. This video allows you to know that when you want people to know about, you have to include the things you like doing and why is it that you enjoy them so much.

Rouse, C. (2009). Things I love doing in my two minutes of spare time. Princeton Campus Life. URL: [Accessed 18 Oct. 2016]

Let’s get started!!!

To begin with you will need some vocabulary to talk about the things you love doing. Here you will get the chance to identify the meaning of verbs that will help you along the topic.

Exercise 1
Get familiar with the verbs

Knowing the fact that the use of gerunds are important, first you will have to match the following verbs to its meanings.

Exercise 2
Excellent work so far!

Now you will be able to focus on the ones that are always followed by a gerund and that will help you to share with others information about the things you really love or loathe doing.

From the following verbs there are 13 of them can’t be followed by a gerund. Select the ones you consider or have heard that accept a verb with –ing form and drag it to the -ing basket to see if you are correct.

Let’s use the vocabulary you just worked with!

Now that you have the vocabulary we will work with what you need to take into account for this the structure.

subject +

verb +


You will remember how to make gerunds, so pay attention to the following video.

One more little detail that we have to pay attention to. How to make gerunds! Remember the rule? And the exception?

Check on the following presentation the rules about gerund spelling.

They will make your life much easier!!!

  • General Rule

    The general rule when changing a verb into its gerund form is only to add -ing:

    • watch  -  watching
    • sleep  -  sleeping


    • My sister loves watching movies, I’m sure she’ll come with us.
    • Natalie can’t bear sleeping late, she probably fall asleep already.
  • Exception 1

    If the verb ends in an E we remove the E and add –ing.

    • Come - Coming
    • Arrive - Arriving


    • Denisse hates coming early to work, that’s why she has the second shift.
    • I prefer arriving home earlier than when it’s already dark.
  • Exception 2

    If the verb ends in a consonant + vowel + consonant, we double the final consonant and add -ing.

    • Get   -  Getting


    • I don’t mind getting there late, don’t worry, finish your meal.

Exercise 3
Let's practice

Now you’re ready! Let’s practice with gerunds. Try the following exercises.

Exercise 4
Scrambled Sentences

Let’s see if you remember the correct order.


Activity 1

People who love spending time with their pets

Among all the activities people love doing there is one that might not be only a hobby but a life lesson.
Read the following statement and reflect if you agree or not with it.

“Having a pet helps people to develop empathy”

Think about these stuations:


Activity 2

Reading about it

Now you will read an interesting article. Read the text:

Only a hobby? Or a life lesson as well?

Click here to see the reading.

German Shepherd

Marcus, Y. (2017). Pastor Alemán. Retrieved from:

Your experience.

Do you still think the same from what you reflect on activity 1?
Write a 30 to 40 word- paragraph with your answer.

Would you adopt a pet and treat it like a member of your family?

Do you like or dislike dogs?


Activity 3

Are you ready to listen about things people love doing?

As you may know there are many kids, teens and even adults who share information about themselves on the net through blogs or web pages where you can find many videos about things they do on their spare time.


Listen to a guy talking about what successful people like doing. Choose True or False according to what you hear.

Listening what people share:


Activity 4

Thinking for writing

Pretend you are going to upload your own video to a web page about the 5 top activities you love doing, but in order to have it very well organized you need to follow these tips to write what you would say in the video.

Tip #1 Brainstorm

Write 10 of all the activities you like doing. You must use:

  • different verbs to express your likes and dislikes.
  • the verb + ing structure.

Tip #2 Now, put your ideas in order.

Decide for only five of them that you would say are your top 5 and include 3 key words of why do you like them so much. Try to use the variety of vocabulary you have learned in the lesson.

Tip #3 Your five top!

Write at least 5 paragraphs, each of them has to contain the following elements:

  • The sentence that expresses what you like doing.
  • The explanation why you like it. Using the key words you wrote.
  • The length should be between 30 to 40 words.

Once you finished, evaluate yourself with this check list. You have to select the correspondent degree of achievement, according to your honest perception. At the end check your score with the level of achievement you got.


Activity 5

Reading some facts

For some people the key to success in business is doing what they really love.

Read the article 4 myths about doing what you love for work.

Analyze each myth and for each of them record the following aspects.

  • Explain if you agree or not with it.
  • Mention if you have heard about it (include from who and what did the person mention)
  • Your personal opinion about the myths.

Use the following recording service and save the link, you will use it in the following activity.


Marcus, Y. (2017). Pastor Alemán. Retrieved from:


Correct gerund

Now you will get the chance to see if you are using correctly the gerund.

Complete each sentence with a verb form the box that best suits the context. Remember to use appropriately the gerund (-ing).


Main references

  1. Perfect English gerunds and infinitives [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Sep. 2016] 
  2. YouTube. (2016). Top 5 things I love doing [online] Available at: [Accessed 27 Aug.2016]
  3. YouTube. (2016). 5 of my hobbies  [online] Available at:  [Accessed 27 Aug.2016]
  4. YouTube. (2016). 10 things I love doing in the summer [online] available at: [Accessed 27 Aug.2016]
  5. YouTube. (2016).  Things I love doing in my two minute of spare time  [online] Available at: [Accessed 30 Aug.2016]
  6. The Internet. (2016). 4 Myths about doing what you love for work [online] Available at:  [Accessed 2 Sep. 2016]

Additional references (2017). Verbs followed by gerunds. (2017). Gerunds and infinitives tutorial.