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Impersonal pronoun

It

Presentation

Do you know what “it” is?


Thinking Person

Ijmaki (2016). Question. Retrieved on 2017, April 17 from https://pixabay.com/es/hatena-pensar-pregunta-el-problema-1184896/





In this unit, you will review the impersonal pronoun it through the practice of sentences that replace a noun given to refer something different to a person like sport, hobby, food, etc.

You will find some activities that are trial and error; you can practice them the times that you consider convenient, and others that are valid for the academic purposes of this course, so read the instructions very carefully.

At the end of this topic you will be able to distinguish the impersonal pronoun “it” through sentences that replace a noun in order to refer something different to a person.

Good luck!



Objective

At the end of this topic you will:
Be able to distinguish the impersonal pronoun “it” through sentences that replace a noun in order to refer something different to a person.

Exercise 1 Pronoun review



Welcome to this important topic known as the pronoun “it”. You will use this pronoun to give information about something different to a person (sport, hobby, food, etc.)

personal pronuns

First place the pronoun that corresponds to each noun. Write the correct pronoun over the blank space.

Object Pronouns


The seven basic pronouns take on different forms when used as object pronouns rather than as subject pronouns.


  • I becomes Me
  • You becomes You (this rule applies for singular and plural use)
  • He becomes Him
  • She becomes Her
  • It becomes It
  • We becomes Us
  • They becomes Them
Postit


When referring to the weather, temperature, time, an inanimate object or a child or animal of undetermined gender, the neuter form “it” can be used. Let’s put some examples:

Use the arrows to navigate from photo to photo, or click on the bullets at the bottom to browse images.

Look at the images. Listen and repeat each sentence. Pay attention to the pronunciation of “it” in each case.

ico_audio



Exercise 2 What do we use “it” for?


As you saw in the presentation, there are several uses of “it” referring to the weather, temperature, time, an inanimate object or a child or animal of undetermined gender, the neuter form “it” can be used.

From the previous presentation answer if the use of “it” corresponds to:


  • weather
  • temperature
  • time
  • an inanimate object
  • a child or animal

Choose the most appropriate option for the following statements. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.




Exercise 3 Conversation in the street


As you have seen previously, the impersonal pronoun has several applications, so let's continue.

Can you complete the conversation between these friends? Drag the different options to the appropriate spaces to complete the sentences. You have two attempts to answer the exercise. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.


Jogiland24. (2017). Dog. Retrieved on 2017, April 05 from https://pixabay.com/es/perro-collie-border-collie-2084998/


Choose the most appropriate option for the following statements. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.

Dog sitting on wood


Now try to repeat the audio and pay attention to the pronunciation of “it”.

audio

We can use it as an ‘empty’ subject or as an ‘empty’ object.



Empty Room

Darkmoon1968. (n. d.). Room. Retrieved on 2017, April 05 from https://pixabay.com/es/habitaci%C3%B3n-vac%C3%ADo-interior-suelo-2132303/









I know it’s raining today!

It’s late now, Hurry up!

She doesn’t like it when you are so quiet.

How long can it take before he gives up smoking?


Anticipatory it

We also use it to introduce or ‘anticipate’ the subject or object of a sentence.

It’s good to learn a language

It is fun to play chess

It is nice to talk with you

It’s good to exercise every day

It is polite to say thank you

It is very frequent that we need to spell our name

In this section you learned that “it” can be used as an empty subject or as an empty object. It can also be used to anticipate the subject or object of a sentence.



Exercise 4. Celebrations in the USA


To continue learning the uses of “it”, you will practice an activity to refer to dates.


USA Map of colors

GDF. (n. d.). Map USA. Retrieved on 2017, April 05 from https://pixabay.com/es/colorido-prism%C3%A1ticos-crom%C3%A1tico-1331934/



Drag the different elements from the left column to the appropriate space in the right column. You have two attempts to answer every item. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.



Reading

Activity 1

New Year’s resolutions

New year is the time to start with good purposes. Read the text, about New year’s resolutions and also observe the use of the pronoun “it”.

Then choose the most appropriate option for the following statements. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.





Fireworks

Supanat, B. (2016). Big Ben. Taken from: https://pixabay.com/es/big-ben-torre-del-reloj-2021610/



Listening


Activity2

And... What do they answer?


Now that you can recognize the use of “it” throughout this unit, you will practice it by matching the conversations between speaker A and Speaker B. Listen carefully.

According to the recording drag the sentence to the correct place. You can answer one.

To hear audio click here:


Woman with headphones

Voltamax. (2016). Listening. Retrieved on 2017, April 06 from https://pixabay.com/es/industrial-seguridad-log%C3%ADstico-1636403/

Writing

Activity 3

Lifestyle survey


As we studied throughout this topic, there are several forms to use “it”. It’s your turn to use them writing a paragraph about your lifestyle.


Apartament

Pexels. (2011). Apartament. Retrieved on 2017, April 17 from https://pixabay.com/es/apartamento-arquitectura-ladrillo-1866634/


Remember to check the rubric, so that you get familiar with the aspects that will be evaluated.

Write a paragraph between 80 to 120 words. These are some questions to help you write your text. Make sure you use “it” as much as possible.

Watch for grammar and spelling mistakes. You can use your dictionary.

  1. When is your birthday?
  2. What is your dog’s name?
  3. Is your apartment far from your job?
  4. When is your mid-term exam?
  5. What is your favorite color?
  6. What is your favorite sport or activity?
  7. Where do you practice it?
  8. How often?

After typing your activity on a word processor, save it to your computer. Check the following example.

Speaking

Activity 4

It's so much fun learning in my lap

Throughout this unit, you have learned a lot about the different uses of the pronoun "it". Now it’s your turn to speak. Give a little information about the following subjects.

Use “it” for every description or answer. Give complete answers.



Room with a computer

Unsplash. (n. d.). Room. Retrieved on 2017, April 21 from https://pixabay.com/es/espacio-de-oficina-tabla-de-surf-1246650/

You can add more information.

Example:

Talk about your guitar.

  • Speaker: Is it fun to play your guitar?
  • You: Yes, it’s a lot of fun. I play it in a band.

Talk about your computer

  • What do you use it for?
  • Is it cheap or expensive?
  • Is it fun to shop online?
  • Is it fun to learn English in your computer?
  • How often do you play games in your computer?

Read the question and then practice your answer before recording. It is important that your audio file is no shorter than 40” and no longer than 1’30” you will also need to use “it” as much as possible.

Please make sure it has the characteristics described in the rubric.


Self-Assessment


1. Don’t stop. Continue practicing!


You can certainly become an expert in the use of the pronoun “it”. Continue with this last practice and check your answers.

Check how your progress is going.

Drag the different options to the appropriate spaces from the right side to complete the sentences. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.




2. Check how your progress is going


You can certainly become an expert in the use of the pronoun “it”. Continue with this last practice and check your answers of both exercises

Drag the different elements from the left column to the appropriate space in the right column. You have two attempts to answer every item. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.






References


Basic references

Englisch-hilfen.de. (n. d.). English Grammar Exercises. Retrieved on 2017, April 18 from http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises_list/alle_grammar.htm
British Council. (n. d.). Retrieved on 2017, April 18 from https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/es


Complementary

Ginger. (2017). Object Pronouns. Retrieved on 2017, April 18 from http://www.gingersoftware.com/content/grammar-rules/pronouns-2/object-pronouns/
English Grammar Online. (n. d.). Exercise on Pronouns. Retrieved on 2017, April 18 from https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/pronouns/exercises
Woodward English. (2017). Subject Pronouns. Retrieved on 2017, April 18 from http://www.grammar.cl/english/subject-pronouns.htm