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present
   simple

affirmative,        negative and   interrogative forms

Presentation


In this unit, you are practicing “present simple”. This tense is used to exchange information about daily activities, their frequency and schedule that you or others are involed in.

calendar
Webandi. (2017). Time. (Photography). Retrieved from https://pixabay.com/es/calendario-calendario-mural-d%C3%ADas-1990453/ on 24/06/2017

It is recommendable that you follow the order given to clearly understand the use of this tense. Not only you are practicing grammar but you are also developing your speaking, reading, listening and writing skills.

At the end of the learning tasks you are taking a test just to verify how well you are using the new structure. Remember! The more you practice, the more you learn and the better you communicate.



Objective

At the end of this topic you will:

use “present simple” in affirmative, negative and interrogative forms through daily activities Frequency and its schedules to communicate and exchange personal and other people’s information.


Look at the following grammar information in order to understand the topic. It's important that you make your own notes in order to internalize the information provided.


Adverbs of Frequency


We use some adverbs to describe how frequently we do an activity.


These are called adverbs of frequency and include:

Frequency

Adverb of Frequency

Example

100%

Always

I always go to school in the mornings

90%

Usually

He usually goes to the cinema on Saturdays

70%

Often

They often take a shower at 9:00 a.m.

50%

Sometimes

We sometimes have lunch at 3:00 p.m.

30%

Not often

You don’t often do homework in the evenings

5%

Hardly ever

She hardly ever goes shopping at night.

0%

Never

You never do exercise in the afternoon

The position of the “Adverbs of Frequency” in a sentence:





Exercise 1
let´s practice

According to the previous grammar explanation, answer the following diagnostic exercises.

Choose the correct option to complete the following sentences correctly. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.




Exercise 2
Frequency in the life

Complete the following sentences by writing the correct adverb of Frequency, according to the percentage, and the main verb. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.




Exercise 3
our day

Unscramble the following sentences.



Reading


Activity 1

My life

As you have checked, time adverbs allow us to plan our day, as well as le tus share information about our activities, in this case in present simple. To double check the content we ask you to finish the following activity.

You are going to read a letter from John to his pen pal (pen pal is a person that you exchange letters with). In the letter, he describes a little bit about his daily life, he also mentions some of the things others do.

First, scan the text, write down all the words you don’t understand and look them up in an English-English dictionary, here are some options:



Great job, now take some time to answer this exercise based on what you just read. Identify which sentences are true and which are false. Choose T for True and F for False. If necessary you can return to the text and double check the information read.

Activity 2

My life

Great Job! You are now in the second exercise. I am glad you are here now. Let’s check how John’s day was planned.

In this exercise order the events like John mentions them in the text about his life. Make sure they are in order from 1-10.

Remember you can check the grammar structure presented at the beginning. In addition, you can read the text again. At the end, you will be able to know your score.

Writing

Activity 3

Your life

Now that you master the topic of adverbs in present simple and it’s differet forms, imagine you have a pen pal that wants to know about your routine and your bestfriend’s routine too. Write a 30-50 word letter.

Be sure to include your routine, and how often you do everything that you include in your letter. Mention some things about your bestfriend too.

Check the attached rubric which allows you to present a good quality text.

Check the following example:

Listening


Activity 4

John’s routine

It’s time to put into practice your listening skills and your mastery of the present simple to express plans and routines.

Based on what we checked in the last exercises, you are going to listen to an audio about John’s routine. Listen and complete each sentence according to what you hear.

Remember that you can check the grammar at the beggining. You will be able to listen to the recording twice.

Place on the blank space the Word/words that best correspond. Drag the different options to the appropriate spaces to complete the sentences. You have one attempt to answer the exercise. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.



Activity 5

John’s routine 2

Continuing with your ability to listen and to comprehend the topic, we ask you to finish the following activity.

Listen again to John’s routine and select if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F).

Remember that you can check the grammar section in this unit. In addition, you can play the audio twice.

Decide if the following statements are true or false by choosing the appropriate option. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.

Speaking

Activity 6

Your life

Now it is your turn to talk about your life. Now, that you know the use of frequency adverbs and how to use them in present simple in its different forms. Record yourself, talk about your life, your routine, how often everything happens. Include some information about your best friend, his routine, and how often he does things; do not forget to base on everything we checked.

Remember to use the rubric created in order to turn in a good-quality task.

You can write some notes as a guideline (you can also check the grammar section) and once you have practiced for a while, record yourself with the “recording tool” provided in this section, give your name to the file and send it, so it can be evaluated by your advisor.

You're about to finish this topic! You must be very proud of yourself! Finally, here you'll find a self-assessment activity for you to see how much you have learned about this topic.

Self-assessment

Frequency


Now it is your turn to self-evaluate yourself, for that reason we have made some exercises available for you, these exercises will allow you to notice how much you have learned.

Remember you can return to any grammatical section to reinforce anything that you feel you need help on.

We almost finish, just to assure your mastery of the topic, match the adverbs of Frequency with its correspondent percentage.

Drag the different options to the appropriate spaces from the right side to complete the sentences. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.

Self-assessment

Your routine


To finalize this autoevaluation section, we ask you to finish this final exercise about simple present and adverb phrases

Remember that present simple allow us to express routines and schedules as well as sharing information about our lives with other people.

Use the activities in the box to make true sentences about your routine with the Frequency adverb correspondant to the percentage given.

You can double check the gramar section in order to reinforce anything you have a doubt on. You can know your score at the end of the exercise.



References


Basic references

  • Woodward. Adverbs of Frequency, English grammar rules. https://www.grammar.cl/Basic/Adverbs_Frequency.htm
  • www.ego4u.com
  • www.englishgrammar.org
  • www.learnenglish.britishcouncil.org