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Adjectives

Presentation / Objective

Do you know what the adjectives are?
Do you know what they are for?
Do you know how to use them in English?

Through the topic you will get familiar with the use of adjectives, how they are formed and where they are placed in the sentence in the English Language. Also you will learn how to use them in the four skills, reading, writing, listening and speaking. You will find explanations and exercise that will help you understand and use properly the adjectives within any context share information about personal features and about others as well.

Objective

At the end of this topic you will:
Use the adjectives taking family members to say physical and personality description of yourself and others.

Content

In English like in Spanish we use adjective to qualify nouns, to describe them, to give information about their size, general description, age, and shape colour among other qualities. Pay attention to the order they appear in the sentence.

  • Adjetives

  • What are they?
    An adjective is a word that modifies a noun. It tells extra information about it. There are several types of adjectives: demonstratives, distributives, quantitative, interrogative, possessive, participles and agreement.

  • Use
    Adjectives come before their nouns. For example: a rich man, a happy girl, a good student.

  • Classification
    Order of the adjectives of quality: a) size, b) general description, c) age d) shape e) colour, f) material, g) origin and h) purpose. Adjectives of personality/emotion come after of physical description, for example: a small suspicious official, a pale anxious girl.

In the following chart you will find the definition of what adjectives are their use and a brief classification.

Read it carefully and try to learn the useful information about them, so that you can solve some exercises later on.

Physical description

Reading

Activity 1

A portrait

Do you know what a portrait is? Would you like to have your own?

Well, interesting, isn't it? Your are going to read next Emily´s portrait. Read the text carefully and so that you do not miss any detail. Then answer the questions about the text.

Emiliy's portrait

Emily Grover is seven years old and she attends the 2nd grade. She lives with her parents and her two older brothers in Plockton village on the shores of Lochcarron; Scotland.

She has got long brown hair and green eyes. She is tall (for her age) and thin. She loves to walk through Plockton Bay and see the beautiful rocky hills in the distance. She also likes to read adventure stories and to play tricks on people. She doesn't like going shopping, she prefers a good adventure.

Her favourite animals are the butterflies, but she doesn't like flies at all. She is honest and friendly, but sometimes she is a bit naughty to her friends, because she is always playing tricks on them.

When she grows older, she wants to be a veterinary, just like her grandfather or perhaps a lawyer.

After reading the text about Emily´s portrait you have an idea of what a portrait is right? You can see the personality of a person. What she/ he is like.

Now you are going to complete Emily´s fact-file based on the reading. You can read it as many times if necessary.

Reading

Activity 2

Definitions

What are you like? Can you define yourself? Piece of cake right?

Read the example of definition given and then complete the following adjectives provided.

Example:
A cheerful person is usually happy and smiles a lot.

Reading

Activity 3

Faces

What about making faces? Are you good at it?

In the activity 1 you worked with positive personality adjectives. In this activity you are going to work with the opposite meanings. That is with the negative meaning, to describe people´s personality.

In the following activity you are going to match a face orresponding adjective.

 

Listening

Activity 4

Descriptions

Are you good at guessing?

You're going to listen to some descriptions of different situations and you are going to read some sentences about them and decide whether they are T (true) or F (false).

Situation 1


Now read the following statements and decide if they are T (true) or F (false).

Situation 2


Now read the following statements and decide if they are T (true) or F (false).

Writing

Activity 5

Scrambled sentences

Writing is an important skill you are going to practice in this material.


Writing

Activity 6

Physical description

In this activity you are going to read some descriptions about different people. Then you are going to match the picture with the description provided in the bubbles with letter next to each one.

This exercise is going to provide you more practice to describe physical appearance.

Speaking

Activity 7

Description

As all the skills, speaking is also an important skill in languages. It helps you express your ideas about different topics in the target language and say your ideas about different topics. You have done some exercises practising, reading, listening and writing.

Now it is your turn to show what you have learnt about this topic. In the previous activity the descriptions included adjectives of personality. Review what you know and do the following exercise.

Describe a person's physical appearance, like type and colour of hair, nose, mouth, height, etc. as well as his/her personality. You can help yourself with the previous activity of descriptions. It can be someone from your family or friends.

Self-assessment

Describing people

Base on your knowledge of the use of the adjectives in English. Solve the following exercise.

Once you are ready press start and begin.

References

Basic references:

Study English for Free (n. d.). Retrieved on 2017, May 9 from http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/
Murphy, R. (2012). English Grammar in Use (2ª ed.). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Complementary

Celce-Murcia, M. and Larsen-Freeman, D. (1998). The Grammar Book (2ª edition). Boston: Heinle & Heinle.
Sharma, P. and Barrett, B. (2007). Blended Learning. Using technology in and beyond the language classroom. Oxford: Macmillan Books for Teachers.
Study English for Free (n. d.). Retrieved on 2017, May 9 from http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/
Thompson, A. and Martinet, A. (1986) A Practical English Grammar. (4ª edition). New York: Oxford University Press.