First Conditional

First Conditional

Welcome to this interesting an important topic. You will work with an important topic related to an action that is done in the present and it will have a consequence or result in the future.

if you never try you will never know.

N.A. (2016). Demo class. Retrieved from:


At the end of this topic you will:
Use the structure of the first conditional (if...will...) through a couple of sentences in order to refer real situations which will present a consequence in the future.


In the following chart, you will see information about “the first conditional”. Read carefully this information about the explanation, structure and the order required for the first conditional. It is important that you understand it, because it will help you to practice and use this structure in other sections.

The first conditional is a linguistic structure which is used to express a consequence or result in the future due to a specific situation in present that is being accomplished or not.

The first conditional has two sentences:

1. An "if" sentence (the condition) in simple present tense

2. A main sentence (the result) in simple future tense
If sentence: If I study hard (simple present)
Main sentence: I will pass the test (simple future)

If I study hard , I will pass the test.
condition result

Notice, when the "if" sentence comes first, a comma is always used. If the "if" sentence comes second, there is no need for a comma.

Let’s analyze the situation:

If I study hard, I will pass the exam

• Do I have the possibility of studying hard? Yes, I do.
• Is it possible to study hard? Yes, it is.
• Is it sure that if I study hard and I will pass the exam? No, but it is very probably.

The result or consequence expressed in the first conditional is very probably to happen when the condition is satisfied.

The common order of the sentences is:

if I study hard, I will pass the test.

condition result

But we can change the order of the sentences and the meaning is the same.

I will pass the test if I study hard

result condition

Notice, when the "if" sentence comes second, there is no need for a comma.

Look at the following examples:

If Susan marries me, we will travel to Paris on our Honeymoon.
If Tom gets good grades, he will go with us to Canada on vacation.
If I finish my career, I will get a good job.
If you lend me the money,  I will spend my vacation in England.

Susan won´t ski if she doesn´t go to Canada.
We will bet in the casinos if we go to Las Vegas.
We will get a job in USA if we learn English.
I will not buy the English book   if my father does not give me the money.


Activity 1

Canada and Mexico differences in winter

Activity 2

Winter time in Canada

Do you like cold climates?


Samoen, J. (2013). Consultado el: 9/nov/2016

What about going to Canada on your next vacation? In the following text, you will know something about differences between Mexico and Canada in winter; they are seen from the point of view of a Mexican girl who spent three years in Canada.

This is a short reading about a girl who worked in Canada for a while; she talks about some differences between Mexico and Canada. Let’s know about them. Read the following text and do the activities.






Activity 3

Checking comprehension

To sum up, in activity one you identified the keywords of the reading See you next vacation Canada, in activity two you identified the condition and the consequence, therefore in this last activity you will decide if the following statements are true or false by choosing the appropriate option.


Activity 4

What a dilemma!

Listen to the conversation between two men, Jason and Ian. They talk about a job's opportunity in the US.
To hear audio click here:

Job application

Geralt. (2017). Application. Retrieved from:


Activity 5

If I get a good job…

Imagine you have just got a promotion in your job. This means you will be earning the double from what you are earning right now, you will have two assistants under your control, and you will have the opportunity to select your working schedule.


Jcomp. (n.d.). Handshake. Retrieved from:

If I get a good job… I will earn a good salary, if I earn a good salary, I will buy my dream car, if…

Write at least eight sentences about a good job you’ve always wanted. In those sentences you need to write the kind of promotion you’ve got and some of the activities you could do if you got that job. Be careful with punctuation and begin all your sentences using: If I get a good job…

Use the checklist to evaluate yourself.


Activity 6

My weekend plans…

Do you have plans for next weekend? Are you planning to work/study/ date someone? What are your plans?

It's time to practice your speaking, record a short report giving answer to the previous questions, besides you have to mention the following things:

• Your name.
• Five plans you have for next weekend in which you use the first conditional.

Record at least one minute. Click on here to listen to an example.

Sankowsky, D. (2013). Map. Retrieved from:
Seonghak, L. (2013). Beach. Retrieved from:
Takazart. (2013). Couple. Retrieved from:

Before recording yourself, study the aspects that will be taken into account for your self-evaluation, they are described in the following rubric.

Activity 7

Vacations in California

Press the bottom Activity 7 to read the conversation between Jessica, a girl who wants to spend her vacations in California, and her mother.
Jessica is a Mexican girl who has a friend in California, USA and received an invitation to spend her vacations in her house. She is telling her mother the advantages she will have if she goes to California.

California map

By Freepik. Retrieved from:

Activity 8

If I go to California…

Now that you have completed the conversation give four more conditions a mom would give to a daughter, answer it in an oral way.

For example:

Record at least one minute, remember to use the first conditional.

Remember to check the rubric of the elements for your self-evaluation.


Self-assessment 1

Ann and Bruno

Hear the conversation and choose true or false.

To hear audio click here:


Self-assessment 2

What will I do with millions and millions?

Brian and Sharon are at the university coffee shop talking about what Brian will do if he wins the 100 million prize with a ticket for the lottery, he bought.


Freepik. (2017). Bingo. Retrieved form:

Drag the different elements from the left column to the appropriate space in the right column. You have two attempts to answer every item. You can check your score at the end of the exercise.

For example: If I win 100 million, I will do many things...


Basic references

• Sasha. (2016, April 8). First Conditional -Grammar and Examples. [Video file]. Retrieved from:
• SA. (2016, May). First conditional. [Video file]. Retrieved from:
• SA. (2015, November 8). The First Conditional - Conditional Sentences. [Video File]. Retrieved from:
• Seonaid. (n.d.). Perfect English Grammar. Retrieved from:
• SA. (n.d.). English Retrieved from:
• Pahlow, Heike. (2000). Exercises on Conditional Sentences Type 1. Retrieved from:
• SA. (n.d.). Curso de inglés. Lesson 19. Retrieved from:

Complementary references

• Latham-Koenig C. (2013) American English File. New York, USA. Oxford University Press.
• McCarthy M. (2014) Touchstone 2. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.
• Redston C. (2011). Face2Face Intermediate Student's Book with DVD-ROM. New York. Cambridge University Press.
• Richards, J. (2012).Interchange Level 2 Full Contact with Self-study DVD-ROM. New York. Cambridge University Press.
• Saslow, J. (2013) Top Notch 2 with ActiveBook. NewYork. Pearson-Longman Education